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Too much lead in the human body can cause serious damage to the brain, nervous system and red blood cells In babies and children, exposure to lead in drinking water above the action level can result in delays in physical and mental development.
Lake in the Hills is located in McHenry County, Illinois, and boasts a population of almost 29,000 residents as of the 2010 census. The local Water Treatment Department is responsible for providing water to residents in the area and has recently made some improvements to help better serve its customers. The first of these improvements includes adding additions to some of the water treatment plants to help increase the removal of manganese and iron from the water.
Lake in the Hills deals with water contaminants in all areas of the town. The inorganic contaminants that can be found include metals and salts and are mostly consumed through drinking water – additional inorganic contaminants residents must contend with include barium, nitrate, and arsenic, which can cause skin problems and damage if consumed in high levels. Additionally, organic contaminants are also an issue from both natural and man-made sources – these contaminants include Vinyl Chloride and Dichloromethane, which is thought to cause liver problems and increases risk of cancer.
Disinfectants are added to water as a means to kill bacteria, but a new class of compounds are created when the disinfectant comes in contact with the bacteria – these are known as disinfection byproducts. Many of these disinfectants and disinfection byproducts enter the human body through the skin, inhalation, or through drinking water. In the Lake in the Hills area, these compounds include chlorine, haloacetic acids, and total trihalomthanes that may cause problems with the kidneys and liver.
Click on each pollution source to see from which source contaminants come.
Runoff and Sprawl
Water contaminants may come from more than one source.
The village of Lake in the Hills is located in McHenry County, Illinois. The name is often abbreviated due to its length and is commonly referred by L.I.T.H. or LITH. Judge Walter J. La Buy began the town in 1923 around Woods Creek Lake, which is still the central lake in Lake in the Hills. Three years later, in 1926, La Buy had purchased over 470 acres of land, which is now known as the Indian Trail – on the land that was purchased, La Buy built stucco homes of which only one is still standing on the original site.
Vacationers from the Chicago area, who spent most of their time in the hustle and bustle of the city, enjoyed coming to Lake in the Hills for some time off. By 1950, many of the people who vacationed in the area became permanent residents and in November of 1952, the Village of Lake in the Hills was officially formed with its first mayor being Bosethus Platt. Throughout most of the 20th century, the town remained small and tight-knit, relying on Crystal Lake and Algonquin for commerce and services.
It was not until the late 1980s that the Lake in the Hills area begin constructing and spreading out across the area – in 1987 the first shopping center was constructed in town at the intersection of Oakleaf and Algonquin Road. From the late 80s to early 90s, the town made several annexations of land west of the Randall Road area. During the late 90s and 2000s, development of retail began to bloom in the area along Randall Road but development began to slow through the mid-2000s.
Today, Lake in the Hills boasts a population for just under 29,000 residents with its primary industries including retail and the operation of the Lake in the Hills Airport. The town has come a long way in a very short period of time and it continued to move forward. This is a very exciting time for the city.
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